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Glossary A to F



A bet involving several selections where the returns for each winning selection are staked on the next. All selections have to win for the bet to win.

Ante Post
Betting days or even months in advance of an event.

A term used to include every horse that has remained in the race after the final declaration stage for a big race.

Across The Card
Horse races run at the same time at two or more meetings.

A term used to describe a horse that has been pushed to its' maximum at the end of a race.

Also Ran
Term used to describe horses that were not placed in a race.



A horse that is backward is a late maturing type. Its quarters are higher than its wither which means they are weak and backward and need to grow.

Bad Beat
Usually a term used in poker to describe a hand which appeared to be very strong but was beaten. It most often occurs where one player bet the clearly stronger hand and their opponent makes a poor call that eventually hits and wins.

Balloted Out
A horse declared for a race but not able to run as the maximum field size has been exceeded. Horses are balloted out at random unless the race is a handicap where the horses with the highest ratings take priority.

If a betting show is concluded “14/1” bar it means that anything not listed is priced at 14/1 or bigger.

This is where one horse barges into another during a race. It is usually caused by greenness and inexperience.

Betting On The Rails
Rails bookmakers are the only bookmakers allowed in the member's enclosure at a racecourse. They are positioned on the rails between the member's enclosure and the racecourse, hence the name.

Betting Ring
Situated in the enclosure between the stands and racecourse. This is where the majority of bookmakers will be.

The British Horseracing Authority the governing and regulatory body for horseracing.

A metal steering mechanism that is placed in a horse's mouth. Reins are attached to the bit to allow the jockey to control the horse.

Black Type
Black or bold type is printed in the summary of a horse's pedigree if it has been placed in a pattern race. This is likely to increase the horse's value.

These restrict a horse's vision and only allow it to look forward. Some horses need blinkers to stimulate them because of a lack of enthusiasm. They have a small section cut away from the eyecup allowing only limited vision.

Blown Up
A term used to describe a horse in a race where it has run out of energy and can give no more.

Board Price
This is the price that is shown in betting shops, on television and on the internet prior to a race. A punter can ask to take the board price or take the starting price.

This is the prices available for each outcome in an event.

Used to describe a racecourse in which the ground is extremely heavy or waterlogged. Horse's hooves go deep into the ground.

Break Down
A horse is deemed to have broken down in a race when it has damaged some part of it's leg which causes it to go lame.

Breaking In
This is a horse being taught to to be ridden and that tension on a particular rein means that it should turn in that direction. This is a process that every horse must go through.

Breast Girth
This is elastic strips that are put around a horse's chest to help prevent the saddle from sliding backwards.

Breeze Ups
Young horses are cantered past the stands at a racecourse over a few furlongs prior to being sold at auction that day.

A filly or more that lodges at stud for breeding duties. Most mares are capable of producing one foal a year until the age of 20.

Brought Down
A horse that has fallen in a race through no fault of it's own. For example, if another horse has fallen in front of it and the horse could not avoid falling over it.

By and Out Of
For breeding purposes, by refers to the sire and out of refers to the dam.



The racecard

Change Legs
A horse will alter his galloping action to try and make life easier for himself. A horse leads with a particular foreleg and will occasionally change this when tired.

Clerk Of The Course
This is the person appointed by a racecourse to ensure everything is correct on raceday. He must ensure that the racecourse is properly marked, the distances are correct, each runner is properly paraded and saddled with each wearing a numbered cloth and that no disqualified persons are present. He must ensure the ground is suitable and that an accurate description of the ground conditions is published.

Clerk Of The Scales
The person appointed by a racecourse to ensure that every runner is carrying the correct weight, colours, jockey, etc. and is responsible for informing the public of any changes. When a race is finished he must weigh in the placed horses to ensure that they have carried the correct weight.

Thoroughbred horses come in only a small variety of colours, Bay (brown body, black mane, tail and legs), Chestnut (orange or golden), Brown (very dark almost black) Grey (grey, as it ages a horse will lighten) and roan (a mixture, but usually a horse is mostly one of the other four colours with white specks).

Refers to the silks worn by jockeys. Every horse owner must register his racing colours on an annual basis with Wetherbys.

This is a severe pain suffered in the abdominal region by horses.

An un-castrated male horse less than 5 years of age.

Refers to the muscular shape of a horse.

A term used to describe people connected to a racehorse such as the owner or trainer.

Covered Up
Refers to a horse being deliberately help up behind other horses whilst racing. This can be because some horses do not like being in front of other horses for too long.

The process when a stallion mates with a mare. This generally occurs in the Spring between January and the end of May.

Cross Noseband
This is part of a horse's bridle which is attached around a horse's mouth during races. It is attached above the nose and crossed above and below the bit to keep the mouth closed and straight.

Cut In The Ground
Used to describe a racecourse whose ground is rain softened.



The mother of a horse.

Dead Weight
Weight carried on a horse's back when the jockey is lighter than the allotted weight the horse is due to carry in a race.

A term used to describe a racehorse that cannot be trusted to win.

A horse whose price lengthens before the race.

A horse that has started a race slowly is said to have dwelt at the start.



Used to describe an un-castrated male horse.



Punters in the betting ring well known to bookmakers as being well informed.

Runners in the race form the field.

A female horse of less than 5 years of age.

A racecourse employee who stands a short distance in front of the start of a race. He wears a white coat and carries a yellow flag which he waves at the runners if there is a false start.

A young horse of less than 1 year of age.

The stage at which a sum becomes payable for a horserace entry, For instance, races such as the Derby have several forfeit stages where a fee must be paid to keep the horse entered in the race. Should the fee not be paid all original entry fees for the horse will be forfeited.

A term used to describe an early maturing type of horse. Two year olds who can race as early as March of their juvenile career are said to be forward.

A distance of 220 yards. There are 8 furlongs in a mile.











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